SPAIN  

SPAIN_M21_FRONT.jpg

SPAIN_M21 front

The first Spanish-designed steel helmet, and despite its designation it was manufactured in 1926. (Some authorities do indeed call it a M26 'sin ala (without wings)' as opposed to the M26 as shown below.

SPAIN_M21_BACK.jpg

SPAIN_M21_back

The 'sin ala' may have a good protective shape in today's terms, but it was considerably disliked at the time because of its unappealling appearance.

SPAIN_M21_SIDE.jpg

SPAIN_M21_side

This is an original production helmet; after 1943 the familiar frontal attachment for the Spanish Army badge was added.

SPAIN_M21_LINER.jpg

SPAIN_M21_liner

On the basis of this example the M21 is a somewhat crude and handmade item. The rivets are not uniformly spaced, and the liner attachment is, frankly, careless, some rivets barely holding the leather at all.

 

 

 

 

SPAIN_M26_FRONT.jpg

SPAIN_M26_front

Also known as the 'Trubia' helmet after the Spanish government arsenal that designed and made it.
Original issues would NOT have had the clasp for a national insignia welded to the front; that was added at the end of the Civil War after the victory of the fascist Franco.

SPAIN_M26_SIDE_2.jpg

SPAIN_M26_side

These helmets were used by both the Nationalist (Franco) and Republican factions during the Spanish Civil War, being originally designed in 1926 and put into production in 1930.

SPAIN_M26_BACK.jpg

SPAIN_M26_back

Also known as the 'con ala' ('with wings', literally) it is a development of the M21 helmet which has almost vertical sides and back with none of the outward side and back flare of the M26.

SPAIN_M26_LINER_2.jpg

SPAIN_M26_liner 2

 

 

SPAIN_M26_STRAP.jpg

SPAIN_M26_strap
detail

 

 

 

 

SPAIN_EIBAR_BACK.jpg

SPAIN_M38 'EIBAR' back

A somewhat lighter and simplified version of the M26, this helmet commonly known as the 'Eibar' was introduced 1938, and was primarily used by militia units rather than the Spanish military.

SPAIN_EIBAR_FRONT.jpg

SPAIN_M38 'EIBAR' - front

Compared to the M26 the Eibar has distinctly less flare to the sides particularly and the back, and also has just one retaining rivet for the liner, at the crown.

SPAIN_EIBAR_SIDE.jpg

SPAIN M38 'EIBAR' side

 

SPAIN_EIBAR_LINER_2.jpg

SPAIN M38 'EIBAR' liner

SPAIN_EIBAR_TOP.jpg

SPAIN M38 'EIBAR'
top detail

SPAIN_EIBAR_STRAP.jpg

SPAIN M38 'EIBAR' strap detail

 

 

 

 

 

SPAIN_MODELO_Z_SHELL.JPG

 

SPAIN MODELO Z shell 

Also known as the M42, this is a Spanish-made helmet cloned from the German M42, and first issued in 1943.

Not made in Germany, not used in the Spanish Civil War, not a   German M42.

 
 

SPAIN_MODELO_Z_INTERIOR.JPG

 

SPAIN MODELO Z liner

Most definitely not a German wartime M42 when it has the later,  web-cradle liner fitted in 1979, making it actually an M42-79.

Anyone selling these as genuine German M42s on ebay or elsewhere should be prosecuted for deception and fraud. Or stoned in the streets, whichever is the more satisfying.

 

SPAIN_MODELO_Z_LINER.jpg

SPAIN_MODELO_Z_interior

The original Modelo Z issued in 1943 has a three-lobed leather liner - very similar to that used in the M21 featured above - and a leather chinstrap with a conventional buckle.

SPAIN_MODELO_Z_STRAP_DETAIL.jpg

SPAIN_MODELO_Z_strap detail

The later M42-79 has a complicated canvas chinstrap made up of several pieces buckled together.

 

 

 

 

SPAIN_PARA_FRONT.jpg

SPAIN_M1 PARA front

It is at times like this I wish I could read Spanish properly.... I am sure Joseba Revelda can explain this helmet to me.
As far as I can understand it is a basic US M1 that has been modified in Spain for use as a paratroop helmet.

SPAIN_PARA_BACK.jpg

SPAIN_M1 PARA
back

SPAIN_PARA_SIDE.jpg

SPAIN_M1 PARA side

SPAIN_PARA_LINER_DETAIL_1.jpg

SPAIN_M1 PARA liner detail 1

SPAIN_PARA_LINER_DETAIL_2.jpg

SPAIN_M1 PARA liner detail 2

Certainly the liner setup is very similar if not identical to that used on US M1 para helmets....

SPAIN_PARA_LINER_DETAIL_3.jpg

SPAIN_M1 PARA liner detail 3

SPAIN_PARA_STRAP_DETAIL_1.jpg

SPAIN_M1 PARA shell strap detail 1

The shell strap is simple to the point of, well, unusability. I can't imagine it would actually work!

SPAIN_PARA_LINER_FRONT.jpg

SPAIN_M1 PARA liner front

..but the liner looks like a very crude field modification, with new rivets punched in as required and the original hloes just left.

SPAIN_PARA_LINER_BACK.jpg

SPAIN_M1 PARA liner back

SPAIN_PARA_LINER_SIDE.jpg

SPAIN_M1 PARA liner side

SPAIN_PARA_LINER_STRAP_DETAIL_1.jpg

SPAIN_M1 PARA_liner strap detail 1

I really need some useful Information Please about this helmet!

 

 

The Marte helmet

Readers of this webpage may be as surprised as I am to find that the Marte helmet is so hard to find, considering it has been in service for almost twenty years, while US, German and British ballistic fibre helmets are commonplace. Javi Neila, a Spanish helmetter, offers this explanation - see right:

 

"Unfortunately here in Spain is difficult to find the Marte model. In my army (I have been tank officer) the helmets are considered weapons. If you have a Marte helmet you could be arrested. The problems is that they are specially controlled in units...I hope the legacy will change soon, but right now only a few had this model into Spain (Specially high ranks of the army) I know people from USA that have  aquired some of them freely." - Javi Neila

Anyone who has a Marte for sale at a reasonable price please contact me!

And while we're on about it, why are Canadian Cadpat helmets so ludicrously expensive....